Garlic

Health Power

Garlic, an antioxidant, slows plaque buildup (calcification) in coronary arteries. Studies show it stops calcium from binding with proteoheparan, (and then with LDL cholesterol) which begins the process. Slowing plaque buildup lowers the risk of later heart attack. Helps lower blood pressure and suppresses or removes oxidizing agents in blood stream and fat areas. Contains organosulphur compounds (ex. allicin and diallyl disulphide) that have antiviral and strong antibacterial activity, making garlic excellent for treating common colds. Compounds also help relax and enlarge blood vessels, which can help lower blood pressure and improve blood flow. These phytonutrients in garlic also show strong anti-carcinogen effects. Contains anti-inflammatory compounds that reduce painful swelling from conditions like arthritis. Vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients in garlic promote optimum general health.

Vitamin and Mineral Content

Vitamins – B6 (Pyridoxine), C and B1 (Thiamin)
Minerals – Manganese, Selenium, Calcium, Phosphorus and Copper

Disease Prevention

Reduces symptoms or risk of asthma, rheumatoid and osteoarthritis, diabetes, heart disease and atherosclerosis. Reduces risk of, and impedes growth of, many cancers: oral, pharynx, esophageal, colorectal, laryngeal, breast, ovarian, prostate and kidney.

How to Grow

One of the easier bulb vegetables to grow and a great addition to many dishes. Grow best in areas with ample sun. Prefers deep soils with lots of organic matter. Mix in generous amounts of aged manure, compost or other planting mix containing high concentration of organic matter. The pH needs to be at or above 6.5; add lime to raise, if needed. Garlic grows from individual cloves that make up the bulb. To plant, dig 1.5-2 inch holes spaced 4-6 inches apart. Place one big clove with point facing up in each hole. Lightly mulch around plants to provide frost protection and water retention. In the far North, do it near winter’s end or the start of spring. Elsewhere, fall is a good time to plant. For nice growth, keep rows and area weed free. In windy location, prop up longer stems with something to prevent snapping. Dig up bulbs in summer, dry with sun exposure and store in a net or basket.

Insect Control

Rather pest free. Avoid diseases by preventing bulbs from sitting in standing water. Occasional viruses, but the worst they do is cut down yield a bit.

Tips

Weeds are biggest enemy; keep cleared. During spring, when leaves are emerging, encourage growth using an organic foliar spray. During the bulb-forming stage in early summer, prevent soil drying out.

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